Portal EDP Portugal
With a global portfolio, EDP has a relevant role in the global energy sector. Find out more about each stage in the Value Chain.
Genaration is the first activity in the electricity sector’s value chain. EDP generates electricity from renewable sources such as water, wind and sun, and from non-renewable sources - mostly coal, natural gas, nuclear and cogeneration.
The company is the largest electricity generator in Portugal, the fourth in Spain and the fifth largest private group in Brazil. In the wind energy market, EDP Renováveis is one of the leading global players.
EDP is present in the generation activity in 12 countries. At the end of 2016, EDP had 25GW of installed capacity, of which 50% in Iberia (excluding EDP Renováveis’ installed capacity), 40% in EDP Renováveis and 10% in Brazil. The generation of electricity was made mainly through renewable energy sources (65%).
EDP Renováveis operates in Europe., North America and Brazil. In Europe, it has windfarms in Portugal (where EDPR is the main operator, with more than 1.3GW installed), Spain (2.2GW), France, Poland, Romania, Belgium and Italy and a project in the United kingdom. In North America, EDPR is present in three countries: EUA, Canada and Mexico. In terms of solar energy, EDP Renewables is in three countries - Portugal, Romania and EUA, with a total of 82MW installed.
Because of climate change and the global agreements signed to combat such changes, renewable sources have been gaining ground in recent decades and are also the sources most commonly used by EDP.
The strategy defined by EDP for the generation activity goes through the execution of the hydro investment plan currently in progress in Portugal and to seek for growth opportunities either in EDP Renováveis or in other international expansion opportunities. As so, additions in installed capacity over the next years will be primarily focused on renewable sources.
In addition to the categorization of energy generation by energy source, it is also important to distinguish between normal scheme generation and special scheme generation. Broadly speaking, normal scheme generation is based on thermal sources or large hydro plants, while special scheme generation is achieved through mini-hydro plants, other renewable energy sources, or cogeneration.
In terms of the sector’s regulatory framework, there are different specifications depending on the market in question, and different remuneration mechanisms in the different countries where EDP operates.