Duration: 42 months
Start date: 1st June 2022
Overall budget: 610.31k €
Demonstrators: Denmark, Portugal, Slovenia
In Europe, the transport sector is responsible for about 23% of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and it is mostly dependent on oil. Climate actions towards net-zero are gathering speed across Europe, supporting the massification of electric vehicles and aiming to achieve, by 2050, the carbon neutrality targets defined by the European Commission. Nevertheless, the increase of electric vehicles poses several challenges to users, cities, and energy industry.
Funded by the European Union Horizon Europe program for research and innovation and coordinated by INESC-ID, EV4EU aims to implement bottom-up and user-centric Vehicle-to-Everything (V2X) management strategies creating the conditions for electric vehicle mass deployment.
EV4EU will develop several tools, methodologies, services, technologies, and solutions that will consider the impact on the vehicle (batteries), the user needs, the environment, power systems, stakeholder´s business models and cities´ transformation.
These strategies will be tested in four demonstration sites located in Denmark, Greece, Portugal and Slovenia, allowing an evaluation of the advanced control methodologies and tools, the definition of the appropriate implementation conditions, and a consolidation of the most promising solutions and corresponding business models.
Ultimately, these tools will promote the coordination between electric vehicles and renewables, Greenhouse Gas emission reduction and the decarbonization of the road transport.
- Project coordination by INESC-ID;
- Consortium formed by 16 Partners + 6 Associated Partners from 4 countries (Portugal, Denmark, Greece and Slovenia)
- The developed solutions will be demonstrated in 4 demo sites (one per country)
Portugal – São Miguel (Açores)
- São Miguel is the largest Island of the Azores archipelago, which is an autonomous region of the Portuguese Republic located around 1500 km from Lisbon. São Miguel counts with 133 390 inhabitants (2021 census) and has 744.6km2 and 65 km long, ranging from 8 to 16 km in width. The main sectors of activity are agriculture (livestock farming and dairy industry), tourism, and fishing.
- In 2021, the total electricity injection in São Miguel was 423 GWh, of which 40.2% (49.4% in 2020) are renewable/endogenous origin, being Geothermal energy the primary renewable source with 30% of the total production. The island is not electrically interconnected with another system.
- The demonstrator aims to test V2X strategies that facilitate electric vehicle charging in homes, building and companies.
Slovenia – Krško and Elektro Celje
- The first location is the business office building in Krško with already integrated demo equipment. The facility has been equipped with 6 controllable charging stations (each charger has 2 outlets capable of supplying up to 22 kW), which can be autonomously controlled to provide behind-the-meter services.
- The second location will target existing GEN-I customers within the preselected substation (in the area of Elektro Celje). For participating households, a smart V2X station will be deployed. If necessary, during the V2X evaluation period, some GEN-Is EVs will be rented to achieve a significant demonstrator.
- The demonstrator aims to test the impact of V2X on the electricity network, the energy market and system services.
Greece – Attica, Mesogia
- The Greek pilot will mostly take place in the Mesogia Area, located in the Attica region of central Greece, which places it at the outskirts of the Athenian metropolis. Mesogia area includes the municipalities of Koropi, Lavrio, N. Makri and the interconnected islands of Kea, Andros, and Tinos. It has been the pilot site for several Horizon 2020 and Europe projects, including Coordinet, Platone and, now, EV4EU. It is a semi-rural area that includes approximately 225,000 customers in its Low-Voltage (LV) and Medium-Voltage (MV) networks, varied from households to small, medium, and large industries. The area benefits from installations of various forms of renewables, wind farms, and PV, including net metering and rooftop PVs as well.
- One of the sections, the distribution network of Markopoulo, consists of several voltage feeders (20 kV) connected to three HV/MV transformers with a 50 MVA capacity. Regarding RES penetration there are 27.043 MW of PV plants connected to the Distribution Network. In addition, there are 20.7 MW of PV plants under approval for connection on the Distribution Network. There are no Wind farms connected to the Distribution Network.
- The main aspects of the Greek demo are the deployment and testing of the Open V2X management platform for public chargers, developed by PPC, the integration and testing of the flexibility algorithms for local and system-wide grid services developed by DTU and INESC-ID, and the investigation of exploitation and marketability strategies for the proposed solutions with the contribution of CITROËN.
Denmark – Risø Campus Bornholm
- The first location (Risø) is part of the world-class facility SYSLAB16, already successfully used in multiple EU and Danish research projects, including the ACDC project.
- As part of the Danish-funded ACDC Project, the facility has been equipped with 8 controllable chargers (each charger has 2outlets capable of supplying up to 11+11 kW), which can be autonomously controlled to provide behind-the-meter services such as limitation of consumption at the point of common coupling or maximization of the consumption of locally produced renewable energy from PV plants and wind turbines.
- The second location is at Campus Bornholm (Rønne, Bornholm Island) that offers 25 vocational educational courses, teaching about 1,500 young people and 4,000 adults a year. Campus Bornholm has a 180kW rooftop PV plant, its own 10/0.4 kV transformer station, 124 parking lots at Minervavej, and 372 car arrivals per day. As part of the EV4EU project, 6 chargers (each charger has 2 outlets) of a similar technology installed at Risø will be installed in Campus Bornholm.
- The demonstrator aims to test different methods of energy management in buildings and parking lots, integrating renewable energy production.
Role EDP NEW
EDP NEW is responsible for the Portuguese Demonstrator at Sao Miguel Island, Azores, where several use cases related with Vehicle-to-Home, Vehicle-to-Building and Vehicle-to-Grid will be validated.
Moreover, EDP NEW is leading several tasks notably V2X integrated in self-consumption HEMS and Impact and strategies for V2X and RES in distribution grid planning.
Finally, EDP NEW is contributing for several other tasks along the project.